"It tells of the meeting of Beren son of Barahir and Lúthien Tinúviel."
Tuor and Idril, marriage of man and elf
GNU Free Documentation LicenseTuor and Idril, marriage of man and elf - Credit: TTThom/Wikimedia Commons
The story of Beren and Lúthien, summarised by Aragorn (Strider), can be found in more detail in the Silmarillion and The Lays of Beleriand, both published by Christopher Tolkien after his father’s death. The theme of a mortal man loving an elf maiden occurs several times in Tolkien’s mythology, and it foreshadows the fate of one of the main characters in The Lord of the Rings.

The story of Beren and Lúthien was one of Tolkien’s particular favourites. He imagined his wife Edith as his Lúthien, inspired by a time when she danced for him in the woods. When she died he had the name Lúthien inscribed on her gravestone, and after his own death he was buried with her, under the name Beren. The engravings read:

                    Edith Mary Tolkien



                    John Ronald Reuel Tolkien



Similarities have been noted between the story of Beren and Lúthien and the Welsh tale of Culhwch and Olwen.