Anduril
Aragorn's sword, also called the Flame of the West, reforged by the Elves of Rivendell from the shards of Elendil's sword Narsil.
Athelas
A plant, also known as Kingsfoil, whose leaves have healing properties.
Balrog
A demon re-awakened from ancient times by the Dwarves mining in Moria.
Barrow
Burial mound
Barrow-wight
Wraith-like evil spirits sent to dwell in the Barrow Downs by the Witch King of Angmar.
Dragons
Among the most feared servants of the dark lord these mighty, fire-breathing, reptilian creatures are often winged.
Dunedain
The name given to the men of Numenor and their descendants in Middle-Earth. It means Men of the West.
Dwarf
A short, typically around four foot, stout, bearded being prone to mining and metallurgy.
Elanor
A star shaped flower of golden hue. The name means sun-star.
Elendil
High King of Arnor and Gondor, father of Isildur. He led an army of men in the Last Alliance of Men and Elves against Sauron at the end of the Second Age. He was killed in the battle.
Elf
An immortal, tall, slender, often magical and usually beautiful being with pointed ears.
Enemy (the)
Sauron. The Great Enemy refers to Morgoth
Eru
The one. God. The creator of all things, also called Iluvatar.
Fair Folk
See Elf
Fell
1) sinister, evil. 2) upland pasture, field or moor. 3) hill or mountain
Gaffer
Colloquial term for 'boss' or 'old man'
Gandalf
The grey wizard. Member of the White Council.
Gil-galad
High King of the Noldorin Elves. Led an army of elves in the Last Alliance of Men and Elves against Sauron at the end of the Second Age
Glamdring
Gandalf's sword. An Elven blade forged in the First Age that was found by Gandalf in a Troll's cave.
Goblins
See Orcs
Gollum
A pitiful creature, enslaved and twisted by the power of the ring, who was once the hobbit Smeagol.
Great Enemy (the)
Morgoth, an evil Vala (spirit/angel) who tried to corrupt Middle-earth and stole the Silmarils from Valinor. Defeated at the end of the First Age. Sauron is his servant.
Gwahir
The Lord of the Eagles in Middle-Earth, his name means "wind lord".
Hilt
The handle of a sword
Hithlain
A strong, grey, silky material used by the Elves of Lothlorien to make rope. This rope was very light, flexible and robust.
Hobbit
A halfling or one of the small folk, typically around three foot tall, often portly, with pointy ears and hairy toes.
Isildur
The man who defeated at the end of the Second Age by cutting the Ring from his finger. Died soon after.
Ithildin
A magical substance made by the Elves from mithril, it can only be seen by the light of the moon and stars, and speaking a magic word.
Mellyrn
The Elvish name for the golden-leaved trees of Lorien, commonly called Mallorns.
Miruvor
A clear and colourless Elven drink that restores strength and vigour.
Mithril
The most precious of metals. Mithril is very light, shines like silver when polished and is stronger than steel.
Narsil
Elendil's sword that was broken, the hilt shard was used by his heir Isildur to cut the ring from Sauron.
Nazgul
See Ringwraiths
Nine (the)
See Ringwraiths
Niphredil
A pale flower that grows among the golden trees of Lothlorien.
Orcs
Ugly, filthy humanoid creatures of an evil nature.
Orodruin
Mount Doom, the Fiery Mountain. This is where the Ring was forged and where it must be destroyed
Orthanc
Saruman's tower in Isengard.
Pipe-weed
A tobacco like plant usually smoked in pipes. Many varieties were produced in The Shire such as Old Toby or Longbottom Leaf.
Radaghast
The brown wizard. Member of the White Council.
Ringwraiths
Once kings of men now deathless slaves to the will of Sauron.
Runes
A system of writing based on angular shapes that could easily be carved into wood or stone.
Saruman
The white wizard. Head of the White Council.
Sauron
The dark lord, maker of the one ring.
Silmarils
Three jewels made by the elf Feanor, which captured some of the light of the Two Trees lighting Valinor.
Sting
Frodo's sword, given to him by Bilbo, who found it in a Troll's cave. It is an Elven dagger forged in the First Age.
Trolls
Large, lumbering wicked creatures of poor intellect that turn to stone in sunlight.
Wargs
A ferocious and intelligent race of wolves from the North of Middle-Earth.
Yrch
The Sindarin word for orcs (see above).