One month into the Second World War the Ministry of Agriculture launched a campaign that would provide one of the most memorable slogans of the war: "Dig for Victory."
According to Home Sweet Home Front "The whole of Britain's home front were encouraged to transform their private gardens into mini-allotments. It was believed, quite rightly, that this would not only provide essential crops for families and neighbourhoods alike, but help with the war effort by freeing up valuable space for war materials on the merchant shipping convoys." Until this campaign began, up to 55 million tons of food was being imported to Britain from other countries each year.
By 1943, a million tons of vegetables were being produced in these small gardens - serving the dual purpose of feeding the nation and freeing up cargo space on ships.
During the course of the war, propaganda for the cause was rampant. In addition to posters and literature, anthems were also introduced, including this one:
Dig! Dig! Dig! And your muscles will grow big
Keep on pushing the spade
Don't mind the worms
Just ignore their squirms
Abd when your back aches laugh with glee
And keep on diggin'
Will we give our foes a Wiggin'
Dig! Dig! Dig! to Victory!
In later life she became penniless and increasingly more eccentric. In 1934 her estate was sold to pay her debts and subsequently demolished. The land is leased to the Essex Wildlife Trust, but her gardens no longer exist.
Willmott's The Genus Rosa was published in parts from 1910-14. With beautiful drawings by Alfred Parsons, (1847-1920) an English landscape artist, The Genus Rosa is considered by many to be one of the definitive books on roses. Over 60 varieties of flowers have been names after Willmott or her estate.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was one of the most prolific and influential composers of the Classical era. He composed over 600 works. He composed from the age of five and performed for royalty by the age of 17.
Mozart's Requiem was composed in Vienna in 1791, during the last year of his life.