The cauldron seems to have been of great importance within ancient Celtic cultures. One highly significant artifact is the Gundestrup cauldron, a richly-ornate Iron Age silver vessel, found in a peat bog in Denmark in 1891. Amongst its carved figures is one that appears to represent Cernunnos, the horned Celtic deity. More intriguingly still, another carving shows a line of upright men being tipped into a cauldron and re-emerging on horseback, a situation which bears a striking resemblance to that involving the ‘Cauldron of Rebirth’ in 'The Second Branch of the
Material that appeared in late medieval Welsh manuscripts (but which stems from a much earlier period) also features cauldrons. For example, the Cauldron of Dyrnwch the Giant is listed amongst 'The Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain' (Tri Thlws ar Ddeg Ynys Prydain), and Ceridwen’s cauldron is central to the story of the poet Taliesin. In the Irish tradition, a cauldron known as the Dagda’s Cauldron is one of the four treasures of the mythological people known as the Tuatha Dé Danann.