"brides, unmarried youths, old men who had suffered greatly"
A grave marker in the form of a loutrophoros, a marriage vase. Modern copy of an ancient Greek funerary monument, situated in the Kerameikos graveyard in Athens - Credit: DerHexer/Wikimedia Commons
These categories would have been considered some of the most pitiable spirits of the dead. According to Greek belief, such shades had a greater chance of becoming the restless dead, miserable earth-bound spirits, or ghosts who cannot cross the Styx to the Underworld and so can never rest. Unmarried youths were often buried with marriage gifts or in their bridal clothes, a gesture meant to soothe or appease their restless spirit, letting them achieve in death what they could not in life.