Page 176. " I hastily sought out a Phoenician ship "

A Phoenician Ship, from a sarcophagus, 2nd century AD
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeA Phoenician Ship, from a sarcophagus, 2nd century AD - Credit: Elie plus at en.wikipedia/Wikimedia Commons
 Phoenicia was a wealthy and influential ancient civilisation, famous for its extensive trade routes throughout the Mediterranean.

Page 176. " And yet you did not recognise Pallas Athene "

Now that Odysseus has returned to Ithaca, Athene can finally reveal herself to him and offer her help, without fearing Poseidon’s wrath. As a powerful brother of Zeus and lord of the whole domain of the sea, Poseidon was not a god to cross lightly.

Page 182. " And you, Eumaeus "

Homer loves and admires this character so much that he speaks directly to the swineherd, breaking from his usual method of narration.

Page 186. " I am a native of the broad lands of Crete "
Minoan rhyton in the form of a bull
GNU Free Documentation LicenseMinoan rhyton in the form of a bull - Credit: Wolfgang Sauber/Wikimedia Commons

 Crete is the largest of the Greek islands in the Mediterranean Sea. It was the centre of the Minoan civilisation, though this pre-dates the setting of this epic.

                           

A Map of Minoan Crete
GNU Free Documentation LicenseA Map of Minoan Crete - Credit: Bibi Saint-Pol/Wikimedia Commons

 

Page 189. " He added that Odysseus had gone to Dodona "

A map showing Dodona and other important oracles and religious sites of ancient Greece
GNU Free Documentation LicenseA map showing Dodona and other important oracles and religious sites of ancient Greece - Credit: Marsyas/Wikimedia Commons
 Dodona was an oracle in northwest Greece.