" I hastily sought out a Phoenician ship "
was a wealthy and influential ancient civilisation, famous for its extensive trade routes throughout the Mediterranean.
" And yet you did not recognise Pallas Athene "
Now that Odysseus has returned to Ithaca, Athene can finally reveal herself to him and offer her help, without fearing Poseidon’s wrath. As a powerful brother of Zeus and lord of the whole domain of the sea, Poseidon was not a god to cross lightly.
" And you, Eumaeus "
Homer loves and admires this character so much that he speaks directly to the swineherd, breaking from his usual method of narration.
" I am a native of the broad lands of Crete "
Crete is the largest of the Greek islands in the Mediterranean Sea. It was the centre of the Minoan civilisation, though this pre-dates the setting of this epic.
" He added that Odysseus had gone to Dodona "
was an oracle in northwest Greece.