The ancient Greeks considered it desirable for a woman to have skin as white as possible. A tan was the mark of a poor woman who was forced to spend time working in the sun, whereas white skin indicated a sophisticated, high-class lady. Ancient cosmetics included whitening agents such as chalk powder and white lead to artificially pale the skin; they would have considered it extremely peculiar to see the women of today applying fake tan!
A veil drawn across the face was the mark of a respectable Greek lady’s modesty when around men not of her family.
Loam is a type of soil considered perfect for agriculture. Watch this video to see an ox-driven ploughshare in use. The wooden fastening around the necks of the oxen is called a yoke.