Acastus
King of Dulichium
Achaea
Name used for Greece
Achaeans
Greeks
Acheron
Underworld river
Achilles
Son of Peleus and Thetis, Greek hero of Troy
Adze
An axe-like tool used for smoothing rough cut wood
Aeaea
Circe's island
Aeetes
Brother of Circe
Aegis
A protective collar, cuirass or animal skin associated with Athene and Zeus
Aegisthus
Cousin and murderer of Agamemnon, lover of Clytaemnestra
Aeolia
Aeolus' island
Aeolus
King of the winds
Aetolia
Country in central Greece
Agamemnon
King of Argos/Mycenae, son of Atreus, brother of Menelaus, husband of (and murdered by) Clytaemnestra, father of Orestes, leader of the Greek expedition against Troy
Ajax (the Great)
Son of Telamon, Greek hero of Troy. Odysseus was granted the armour of Achilles instead of him, which led to his suicide
Ajax (the lesser)
Son of Oileus, raped Cassandra at Athene's temple incurring the gods' wrath, drowned by Poseidon
Alcmene
Mother of Heracles
Ambrosia
Food of the gods
Amnisus
Harbour of Cnossus (Knossos) in Crete
Amphithee
Grandmother of Odysseus
Amphitrite
Goddess of the sea
Anticleia
Wife of Laertes, mother of Odysseus
Anticlus
A Greek fighter in the wooden horse at Troy
Antilochus
Son of Nestor, Achilles' favourite after Patroclus, killed at Troy by Memnon
Antiphates
King of the Laestrygonians
Antiphus (1)
One of Odysseus' men killed by the Cyclops
Antiphus (2)
An elder of Ithaca, old friend of Odysseus
Aphrodite
Daughter of Zeus, wife of Hephaestus, goddess of love, sex and beauty
Apollo
Son of Zeus and Leto, god of archery and the lyre, prophecy, sickness and health
Arceisius
Son of Zeus, father of Laertes
Ares
Son of Zeus and Hera, god of war
Arete
Queen of Phaeacia, wife of Alcinous, mother of Nausicaa
Areteus
Son of Nestor
Argives
Name used for Greeks and inhabitants of Argos
Argo
Ship of Jason and the Argonauts
Argos
A city in the northwestern Peloponnese
Argus
Odysseus' old hunting dog
Ariadne
Daughter of King Minos of Crete, led Theseus through the labyrinth to kill the Minotaur
Artemis
Daughter of Zeus and Leto, sister of Apollo, goddess of hunting, childbirth and the moon
Asteris
Small island off Ithaca where the Suitors plan to ambush Telemachus
Athene
Daughter of Zeus, goddess of intelligence, strategy, war, female arts, and civilisation
Athens
City in Attica
Atlas
Titan father of Calypso
Atreus
Father of Agamemnon and Menelaus
Autolycus
Father of Anticleia, grandfather of Odysseus
Bard
A musician and performer
Bootes
'The Bear,' a star constellation
Cassandra
Daughter of Priam, taken by Agamemnon from Troy
Castor
Son of Zeus and Leda, Brother of Polydeuces (Pollux) - they were placed in the sky as the Gemini constellation. Castor and Pollux were also the brothers of Helen and Clytaemnestra
Cephallenians
People of Cephallenia, Odysseus' subjects
Chios
An island in the Aegean
Cimmerians
People living near the entrance to the Underworld
Clytaemnestra
Wife and murderer of Agamemnon, sister of Helen, mother of Orestes
Cnossos
Main city of Crete
Cocytus
Underworld river
Cretans
Inhabitants of Crete
Crete
Mediterranean island, location for many of Odysseus' false stories
Cronos
Father of Zeus
Ctimene
Younger sister of Odysseus
Cyclopes
Race of one-eyed giants
Cythera
An island off the south-eastern tip of the Peloponnese
Danaans
Greeks
Dawn
Eos, goddess of morning
Demeter
Sister of Zeus, goddess of crops and harvests
Diadem
An ornamental headband or crown
Diomedes
Greek hero of Troy
Dionysus
Son of Zeus and Semele, god of grapes, wine and revelry
Distaff
A tool used when spinning to hold the flax or wool
Dodona
Site of an oracle of Zeus in northwestern Greece
Dulichium
An island in Odysseus' domain
Echephron
Son of Nestor
Elysian Fields
Land of the blessed, where Menelaus will go after death
Epicaste
Better known as Jocasta, wife and mother of Oedipus
Erebus
The Underworld
Erechtheus
Legendary hero-king of Athens
Erinyes
Another name for the Furies; see Furies
Euboea
Large island east of central Greece
Eurydice
Wife of Nestor
Eurypylus
Fought for the Trojans, killed by Achilles' son Neoptolemus
Furies
Goddesses who avenge terrible crimes such as kin murder
Gates of the Sun
Landmark on the way to the Underworld
Gorgon
Monstrous woman, who (in later myth) can turn people into stone with her stare
Graces
Goddesses of grace and beauty
Hades
Can refer to the Underworld or its god
Hawsers
The thick rope used to moor a ship
Hellas
(northern?) Greece
Hellespont
Modern Dardanelles, straits near Troy
Helmsman
The person at the helm who steers the ship
Hephaestus
Son of Zeus and Hera, blacksmith god
Hera
Wife of Zeus, Queen of the gods
Heracles
(Hercules) Son of Zeus, hero famous for his twelve tasks
Hermes
Messenger god, guide of the dead
Hermione
Daughter of Helen and Menelaus
Hull
The body or frame of the ship
Hyperion
Name used for the Sun-god
Iasion
Hero loved by Demeter
Icarius
Father of Penelope
Ilium
Correct name for the city we call Troy (Troy is technically the district)
Ithaca
Odysseus' island
Jason
Leader of the Argonauts
Keel
The beam around which the hull of the ship is built
Lacedaemon
Kingdom of Sparta, ruled by Menelaus
Laertes
Father of Odysseus
Laestrygonians
Cannibalistic giants
Lampus
One of the horses pulling the chariot of the Sun
Leda
Mother by Zeus of Castor, Pollux and Helen, and of Clytaemnestra by her husband Tyndareus
Leto
Mother of Apollo and Artemis
Libation
A liquid offering to the gods or spirits of the dead
Libya
old name for Africa
Loom
A frame used for weaving
Lyre
An ancient stringed instrument
Malea
Cape at the southeastern tip of the Peloponnese
Marathon
District near Athens
Mast
The pole that holds the sail of a ship
Megapenthes
Son of Menelaus and a slave-woman
Megare
Wife of Heracles
Memnon
Son of Dawn (Eos)
Messene
District of southwestern Greece
Minos
Son of Zeus, king of Crete
Minstrel
A musician and performer
Muse
The goddesses of inspiration, daughters of Zeus and Memory
Mycenae
Palace of king Agamemnon
Myrmidons
Skilled fighters led by Achilles
Naiads
Nymphs of springs, rivers, caves and lakes
Neoptolemus
Son of Achilles
Nestor
King of Pylos, aged hero of Troy
Nymph
A female semi-divine spirit, usually attached to specific locations
Ocean
The river encircling the world
Oedipus
Mythical figure who killed his father and married his mother, then blinded himself
Ogygia
Calypso's island
Olympus
Mountain in Thessaly where the gods reside
Omen
A sign or portent that foretells the future
Orestes
Son of Agamemnon, killed Aegisthus to avenge his father's death
Orion
Hero loved by Dawn, killed by Artemis, turned into a constellation
Pallas
Epithet of Athene (meaning is debated)
Pandareus
Father of the Nightingale
Parnassus
Mountain overlooking Delphi, were Odysseus received his scar
Patroclus
Achilles' close friend, killed by Hector at Troy
Peirithous
Friend of Theseus, tried to kidnap Persephone, trapped in the Underworld
Peisistratus
Son of Nestor, accompanied Telemachus on his travels
Peleus
Husband of Thetis, father of Achilles
Penelope
Wife of Odysseus, mother of Telemachus, daughter of Icarius
Persephone
Daughter of Zeus and Demeter, Wife of Hades, Queen of Underworld
Phaedra
Wife of Theseus, committed suicide after falling in love with her stepson Hippolytus
Phaethon
One of the horses pulling the chariot of the Sun
Pharos
Island near Egypt where Menelaus captured Proteus
Philoctetes
Finest archer at Troy
Phoebus
Epithet of Apollo, means 'shining-one'
Phoenicia
Modern Lebanon
Pitched Battle
A battle where both sides fight at a chosen location
Pleiads
A constellation
Ploughshare
(or Plowshare), the blade of a plough
Pointed Islands
Islands east of Ithaca
Polydeuces
(Pollux), brother of Castor
Portico
Porch or colonnade at the entrance of a building
Poseidon
Son of Cronos, brother of Zeus, god of the sea, nemesis of Odysseus
Priam
King of Troy
Proteus
Old man of the sea
Pylos
Home of Nestor in the southwestern Peloponnese
Pytho
Sanctuary at Delphi, site of an important oracle of Apollo
Quiver
A container for arrows
Rhadamanthus
Judge of the dead/ruler in the Elysian Fields
Rudder
A device used to steer a ship
Same/Samos
Modern Cephallonia? An island near Ithaca
Scabbard
A sheath for holding a sword, worn on a sword-belt or baldric (shoulder-belt)
Sceptre
A symbolic staff held by a ruling monarch
Scherie
Island of the Phaeacians, modern Corfu?
Shroud
A covering used during funerary rites
Sidon
Phoenician city
Sirens
Mythological creatures who sing sweet songs to lure sailors to their doom
Sisyphus
Hero condemned to roll a stone for eternity in Hades
Skirmish
A chance encounter or battle in which one side is forced to fight at a time or place not of their choosing
Sparta
Home of Menelaus and Helen in the Peloponnese
Spindle
A tool used to spin fibres into thread
Stern
The rear part of a ship
Styx
Underworld river
Sunium
(Sounion), a cape at the southern tip of Attica
Suppliant
A person begging for help or mercy (usually by clasping the knees); suppliants were sacred to Zeus
Talent
An ancient unit of mass and value
Tantalus
Mythological figure condemned to perpetual thirst and hunger in Hades
Teiresias
Blind prophet whom Odysseus consults in the Underworld
Telamon
Father of Ajax
Thebes (1)
City in Egypt
Thebes (2)
City in Boeotia, northern Greece
Theseus
Hero of Athens
Thesprotians
People from northwestern Greece
Thetis
Sea nymph, mother of Achilles
Thrace
Area northeast of Greece, northwest of Asia Minor (Turkey)
Thrasymedes
Son of Nestor
Threshold
A raised structure between doorways into which door jambs were fixed
Thrinacie
Island of the Sun-god, where he kept his forbidden cattle
Thyestes
Father of Aegisthus
Tithonus
Lover of Dawn (Eos)
Tityus
Mythological figure condemned to suffer in Hades
Trojans
People of Troy
Tunic
Clothing - like a long loose shirt tied in the middle
Tyndareus
Father of Clytaemnestra
Wandering Rocks
Dangerous mythical rocks that clash together
White Rock
A landmark on the way to Hades
Winnowing-Fan
A tool used when separating grain from chaff
Yoke
A wooden beam used to attach two oxen to a plough
Zacynthus
Island south of Ithaca
Zeus
King of the gods, son of Cronos