"Romanticism is the rage of Caliban not seeing his own face"
Liberty Leading the People
Public DomainLiberty Leading the People - Credit: Eugène Delacroix

Romanticism came into being in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, as a reaction to the rationalisation of nature through science. The movement encouraged the expression of extreme emotions through art, music, poetry and fiction, and championed strong links between humanity and the sublime.

One reoccuring theme found in Romantic literature was the evocation of the past. Authors included James Macpherson, Goethe, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats and William Blake.

In music, Romanticism reached its zenith in composers such as Liszt and Wagner, while in art Goya and Delacroix embodied the movement.

Listen on Spotify: Liebestod from Tristan und Isolde by Richard Wagner.