"a new Hedonism that was to recreate life"

Hedonism is a school of thought centred on obtaining as much pleasure from life as possible without harming oneself or those around one. The first known reference to the Hedonist philosophy was made by the Greek philosopher Democritus in the 4th Century BC. It has been linked to psychological egoism (the theory that humans are motivated purely by self interest), and is seen to have influenced the Dandyism movement of the late 19th century.