"Fin de Siècle"

Meaning 'end of the century', Fin de siècle, refers to both the closing of an era and the coming of a new one. It could be a time of despair or hope. Often associated with French artists such as the symbolists, it suggests a culutural awareness. People's ideas and concerns during this period influenced the following decades. Fin de siècle at the end of the 19th century was essential to the birth of modernism.