Page 151. " a new Hedonism that was to recreate life "

Hedonism is a school of thought centred on obtaining as much pleasure from life as possible without harming oneself or those around one. The first known reference to the Hedonist philosophy was made by the Greek philosopher Democritus in the 4th Century BC. It has been linked to psychological egoism (the theory that humans are motivated purely by self interest), and is seen to have influenced the Dandyism movement of the late 19th century.

Page 153. " Roman Catholic Communion "
Public DomainCommunion

This refers to the taking of bread and wine during the celebration of Mass.

In a ceremony called the Eucharist, the bread and wine are seen to become the body and blood of Christ.

The ceremony occurs in the Gospel of John, where Jesus says 'Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him' and is believed to have originated at the Last Supper, Jesus’ final meal with his disciples.

Page 156. " listening in rapt pleasure to 'Tannhaüser' "
Richard Wagner
Public DomainRichard Wagner

Tannhaüser is an opera in three acts, written and composed by Richard Wagner, which tells the story of a knight torn between the lustful love of Venus and the saintly love of a noble maiden. Wagner explores the good and evil in love, and the idea of finding redemption through love.

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