Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) was an Archduchess of Austria and Queen of France. She married Louis XVI of France and became Queen upon his ascension in 1774. Famously beautiful and charming, she quickly lost popularity amongst the French as the Revolution took hold and was accused of being vapid, promiscuous and harbouring sympathy with the enemy. By the end of her life, Marie Antoinette had come to symbolise all that was corrupt and unfair in the social class system of pre-revolutionary France.
Forced to flee with her family in 1792, she attempted to secure help from her relatives in Austria, but in an escape attempt the royal family were detained and imprisoned at Temple Prison. Marie Antoinette was tried and executed by guillotine in 1793, nine months after her husband met the same fate.
Marie Antoinette, the 2006 Sofia Coppola film, is loosely based on her life.