"the new National Gallery"
The National Gallery
is an art museum on Trafalgar Square
which houses over 2,300 works of art dating from the mid-13th
century to 1900. Founded as a public body in 1824, it was unique in Britain in that it did not emanate from a royal or noble private art collection. Housed originally in Pall Mall
, in 1832 work began on a building in the newly constructed Trafalgar Square – significantly in the middle of the richer West and poorer East ends of the city, allowing access to the art collection for all Londoners. The building was designed by William Wilkins
and finished in 1838. Over the intervening years it has been much expanded, but the original façade remains the same. The National Gallery is free to the public and currently under the direction of Nicholas Penny