Sandro Botticelli (c.1445-1540) was one of the most famous Italian painters of the Early Renaissance. Born in Florence, he was apprenticed to Fra Filippo Lippi at the age of fourteen and had his own workshop by 1470. As well as paintings, he created a large number of frescoes for churches and villas, including the Sistine Chapel. Somewhat disregarded by the time of his death, his career was entirely eclipsed by later masters such as Michelangelo, until nineteenth century scholars began to exhibit, study and appreciate his work. In the first two decades of the twentieth century more books were written on Botticelli than any other painter. Like many of the Renaissance masters, the women in his paintings are characterised by their voluptuous curves and flowing hair – his two most famous masterpieces are the Primavera (c.1482) and The Birth of Venus (1486).