The Pyramids are Ancient Egyptian burial mounds, built on the west bank of the River Nile – the land of the setting sun and therefore the realm of the dead. The final resting place of the pharaohs, the Pyramids were highly complex structures, containing labyrinths of narrow passages and chambers inside them for the mummified body of the deceased, as well as their worldly belongings which would accompany them to the afterlife. It is not exactly clear why the Pyramids were shaped as they are – many believe that they point towards the heavens and would therefore help to direct the pharaoh’s soul there.
The Pyramids are Egypt’s most famous attraction, particularly those just outside Cairo at Giza (view on PyramidCam). The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is the oldest and the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Some of the Pyramids are amongst the largest structures in the world – it took teams of up to 100,000 men years to build them. 139 Pyramids have been discovered in Egypt to this date, some standing for more than 4,500 years: all of them marvels of engineering and human perseverance.