"arrived here from the north at Charing Cross"

Charing Cross is a road junction in central London where the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street all meet. Once a small hamlet simply called Charing, it takes its name from the Eleanor Cross, a monument built by King Edward I in 1291-94 in memory of his wife, Eleanor of Castile. Pulled down by the government in 1674 at the time of the civil war, the spot where the cross stood is now marked by a statue of King Charles I on a horse, as well as a Victorian replacement cross, built in 1865. It is this point that is generally accepted as the centre of London for measuring distances. Charing Cross has always been an important thoroughfare: Charing Cross station, opened in 1864, serves trains from the southeast of England and throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries coaches from Dover, Brighton, Bath, Bristol, Cambridge, Holyhead and York used to arrive at and depart from the Golden Cross Inn which stood at the junction until it was demolished to make way for the building of Trafalgar Square.