Brazil, a country in South America, contains 60% of the Amazon rainforest, the largest rainforest in the world. Covering the basin of the Amazon River, the rainforest comprises 1.4 billion acres which are home to the largest and most diverse collection of plants and animals in the world. 2.5 million insect species, 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fishes, 1,294 birds, 427 mammals, 428 amphibians and 378 reptiles have been scientifically classified, with more discovered continuously. The rainforest is tropical, meaning it has a warm and wet climate with temperatures higher than 18ºC (64ºF) year-round and rainfall of around 175-200cm per year. The Amazon is suffering from deforestation, which is occurring because of the development of the land for human settlement and cutting down of the trees for wood. Conservation groups are increasingly concerned with protecting the Amazon, which comprises more than half of the world’s rainforest and has unparalleled biodiversity as well as helping absorb carbon dioxide from the air which helps with the fighting of global warming.