"Paris was not far enough"
A nighttime panorama of the Ile Saint-Louis in the centre of Paris, with Notre Dame in the background
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeA nighttime panorama of the Ile Saint-Louis in the centre of Paris, with Notre Dame in the background - Credit: Dmitri Destugues

 

Paris is the capital city of France and one of the world’s leading cities. Situated on the River Seine, Paris has a population of around 2,211,297 and between the 16th and 19th centuries was the largest city in the world. Famed for its cultural influences, particularly on art, literature and fashion, Paris is one of the most expensive and the most visited city in the world and contains some of the most famous buildings including the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Gallery and Notre Dame Cathedral – to name just three of its 38,000 historical monuments.

The 1889 Grand Exposition in Paris at the foot of the Eiffel Tower
Creative Commons AttributionThe 1889 Grand Exposition in Paris at the foot of the Eiffel Tower - Credit: trialsanderrors
Paris was the centre of the 1789 French Revolution, and was occupied by the Russians in 1814 after the defeat of Napoleon. Ravaged by a cholera epidemic in 1832, the city began to grow again when migrants flooded to the capital in the 1840s as a result of the industrial boom and creation of the railways. The Paris we know today, with its wide boulevards and neo-classical buildings, largely dates to the late nineteenth century when Napoleon III transformed what was basically still a medieval city. The turn of the century saw Paris in its glory, becoming once more a major world player in terms of technology, trade and tourism. It suffered during the World Wars under German occupation, but in the latter half of the twentieth century regained its former prestige and underwent considerable development, making it one of the most populated metropolitan areas in the world.

More on Paris, including tourist information, can be found here.