Page 251. " when we lived at Southwark "
Southwark Cathedral
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeSouthwark Cathedral - Credit: Kevin Danks

Southwark is a district of Central London, originally a parish in Surrey. It is bounded by the River Thames in the north and is one of London’s oldest districts. In the nineteenth century it experienced depopulation as an inner city area, but in recent times has undergone renovations and now has a population of 287,000. Its most famous buildings are City Hall (the offices of the Greater London Authority), the Globe Theatre and Southwark Cathedral.

Page 256. " travelled to Ramsgate "
The Royal Harbour at Ramsgate
Public DomainThe Royal Harbour at Ramsgate - Credit: JackyR

Ramsgate is a seaside town in Kent, with a population of around 40,000. Originally a fishing village, it has a beautiful coastline and marina and has the distinction of being the only Royal Harbour in Britain. In the nineteenth century, when seaside holidays became a trend, it was a very popular destination due to its accessibility to London and royal connections which attracted upper class holiday-makers. As a girl, Queen Victoria holidayed in Ramsgate often with her mother, staying in Townley House; the town remained a favourite of hers throughout her life. Today the main industries of Ramsgate are tourism and fishing – it remains an attractive prospect especially for recreational sailors due to the large marina.

Photochrom of Ramsgate Sands c. 1899
Creative Commons AttributionPhotochrom of Ramsgate Sands c. 1899 - Credit: trialsanderrors

Catherine describes how her mother ‘took the waters for her headaches’ – from the mid-eighteenth century onwards this was another reason that seaside resorts were popular, aside from the bathing, donkey rides and pier entertainments. Dr Richard Russell began to promote the drinking of seawater as a cure for gout, jaundice and other ailments (a practice now discontinued). The fresh, salt air was also supposed to be of benefit. Seaside towns began to rival traditional spa towns such as Bath because they offered both leisure and health amenities.

Page 262. " “They that have power to hurt and will do none.” "

Sonnet 94 by William Shakespeare, part of the ‘Fair Youth’ sequence in which it is thought he is expressing his love towards a young man who is portrayed as fickle yet still beloved. Read a detailed analysis of the sonnet here.

They that have power to hurt and will do none,

That do not do the thing they most do show,

Who, moving others, are themselves as stone,

Unmoved, cold, and to temptation slow,

They rightly do inherit heaven's graces

And husband nature's riches from expense;

They are the lords and owners of their faces,

Others but stewards of their excellence.

The summer's flower is to the summer sweet,

Though to itself it only live and die,

But if that flower with base infection meet,

The basest weed outbraves his dignity:

For sweetest things turn sourest by their deeds;

Lilies that fester smell far worse than weeds.

Page 266. " from their duties in Pall Mall "

Pall Mall is a major street in the City of Westminster, London, which begins at St James’s Street and crosses Waterloo Place into Haymarket. Pall Mall East continues to Trafalgar Square.

The name derives from the game ‘pall mall’, a seventeenth-century croquet-like game played with a mallet and ball.

The southern side of the street, including St James’s Palace, is owned by the Crown Estate, and the road is famous for being home to various gentlemen’s clubs, such as the Athenaeum and Travellers Club, which were founded in the 19th and 20th centuries. Pall Mall has also become synonymous with the War Office which was once based here.

It appears on the London Monopoly board, coloured pink.

Page 271. " Spelman Street "

Spelman Street is a road in East London. It runs from north to south, linking Hanbury Street and Monthorpe Road, and forms the eastern boundary of Princelet Street (formerly Princes Street).

Page 275. " the medieval window at the cathedral in Chartres "

The Cathedral of our Lady of Chartres is a medieval cathedral in Chartres, a French town southwest of Paris. Constructed between 1190 and 1250 it is incredibly well-preserved, with almost all the original stained-glass windows intact, and as such is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Many pilgrims come to view the Sancta Camisa, a holy relic said to be the tunic worn by the Virgin Mary at the birth of Jesus, and the building with its flying buttresses, sculptures and spires is an attraction in its own right. The cathedral has 176 windows which were mostly installed in the early thirteenth century and all of exceptional beauty and quality.

'Notre-Dame de la Belle Verrière' Window in Chartres Cathedral
Public Domain'Notre-Dame de la Belle Verrière' Window in Chartres Cathedral - Credit: Guillaume Piolle
The North Transept Rose Window of Chartres Cathedral
Public DomainThe North Transept Rose Window of Chartres Cathedral - Credit: Guillaume Piolle