Page 127. " I naturally thought of Marilyn Monroe in her long gloves and pursey lips whispering "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" "

Marilyn Monroe (1926-1962) was a popular movie star in the 1950s and early 1960s.  "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" was sung by Monroe in the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953). 

During this time, diamonds were one of the major exports from the Congo.



Page 127. " snuck off to see both M.M. and Brigitte Bardot at the matinee "
Brigitte Bardot
GNU Free Documentation LicenseBrigitte Bardot - Credit: Michel Bernanau

Brigitte Bardot was a French fashion model and actress in the 1950s. She became internationally famous for her role in the film And God Created Woman (1956).



Page 129. " like he was the Ripley's Believe It or Not Two-Headed Cow "

Ripley’s Believe It or Not was a traveling show famous for astounding audiences with strange people and performances.

Ripley's now has 80 permanent attractions across 11 countries.

Page 133. " Charlie Chaplin, waddling around duck-footed, waving his cane and talking without any sounds coming out "

Charlie Chaplin was a film actor and director in the silent film era.

Rachel has in mind Chaplin's most famous character, the Tramp.

This is the end of Modern Times (1936), featuring the last appearance of the character. It is often cited as the "last silent film":




Page 133. " I've had enough of your lip, Buster Brown "

Buster Brown Comic
Public DomainBuster Brown Comic - Credit: Library of Congress
"Buster Brown" was a famous comic strip created by Richard Felton Outcault in 1902. It featured a mischievious boy who is a practical joker.

Page 135. " Like Daniel she enters the lion's den "

Daniel in the Lions' Den
Public DomainDaniel in the Lions' Den - Credit: Pieter Paul Rubens
According to the Bible, as a young child Daniel was carried off to Babylon where he became famous for interpreting dreams. Later in life he was thrown into a lion's den for refusing to give up his faith. The lions in the den were expected to eat Daniel, but God protected him.

Daniel was said to have a huge heart.

Page 145. " we both had to do the Verse, Genesis 4, about Cain and Abel "

Cain and Abel were the sons of Adam and Eve.  God favoured Abel, and in jealousy Cain killed his brother, committing the first murder.

In punishment, Cain was condemned to wander the earth alone for eternity.

Page 150. " no new record album by the Platters "
The Platters
Public DomainThe Platters - Credit: Bob White

The Platters were one of the top vocal groups of the 1950s, selling 53 million records. They were an all black group, with one woman, which was uncommon at the time.

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