Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland, is divided into two sections: the Old Town and the New Town.
The Old Town dates back to medieval times and is renowned for its Reformation era buildings. The principal road in the Old Town is the Royal Mile, which extends from the Castle to the ruins of Holyrood Abbey. The area is also the location of the Royal Museum of Scotland, the University of Edinburgh and St. Giles Cathedral.
Historically, the Old Town was a poor, over-crowded area; in the 18th century it had 80,000 residents housed mainly in multi-storey buildings known as tenements; today, the area has a residential population of 4,000.