Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1542-1587), was the daughter of James V of Scotland. She reigned as Queen of Scotland between 1542 and 1567, and was briefly Queen consort in France following her marriage to Francis II.
A devout Roman Catholic, Mary's life was turbulent and troubled. In 1567, she was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne. She was later arrested in England by her cousin Queen Elizabeth I and, after 19 years of imprisonment, executed for treason.
Today, the Palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence in Scotland of the British monarch.