Page 51. " on the Braid Hills course "

Edinburgh and the surrounding area are well supplied with golf courses.

The City of Edinburgh owns six public courses including Braid Hills, Carrick Knowe, Craigentinny, Portobello, Princes and Silverknowes.

Braid Hills is a popular leisure area in southwest Edinburgh, renowned for its panoramic views over the city as well as for its golf course.


Braid Hills, Edinburgh
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeBraid Hills, Edinburgh - Credit: Richard Webb, Wikimedia Commons
Google Map


Page 51. " She did the Tee Woods from five angles "
Thatched cottage in Swanston
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThatched cottage in Swanston - Credit: Richard Webb, Wikimedia Commons

The 'T-wood' is situated in the picturesque Swanston Conservation area, south of Edinburgh city centre.

It is a cross-shaped area of woodland planted by the Trotter family of Mortonhall House

Click here to find pictures of the 'T-wood'.



Page 55. " to read Jane Eyre to her class "

Jane Eyre is an extremely well-known novel by Charlotte Brontë. It was first published in 1847 under the pen name "Currer Bell".




Page 55. " when they sat in the Braid Hills Hotel "

The Braid Hills Hotel stands on a hill above Pentland Terrace and Comiston Road in Edinburgh and has excellent views over the city.

It was built in 1886 to accommodate golfers visiting the golf courses nearby.

Click here and here to see pictures of the hotel.


Page 57. " a Miss Gaunt from the Western Isles "

The Western Isles is another name for the Outer Hebrides (Scottish Gaelic: Na h-Eileanan Siar), a chain of more than a hundred islands situated off the west coast of Scotland. They include Lewis and Harris (one island), Barra, and the St. Kilda group of islands (which are uninhabited).

The Outer Hebrides are separated from the Inner Hebrides (Scottish Gaelic: Na h-Eileanan a-staigh) by the Minch, the Little Minch and the Sea of the Hebrides.

They remain one of the strongholds of Scottish Gaelic with just over 60% of the population speaking the language.

Listen on Spotify to the Scottish Gaelic song Is Gaidheal Mi.


Google Map


Page 57. " Her chest was a slight bulge flattened by a bust bodice "
Illustration of girls training as corsetières (1930)
Public DomainIllustration of girls training as corsetières (1930) - Credit: Union Des Industries Du Corset

The bust bodice (sometimes shortened to B.B.) was a garment with straps, often lightly boned, which was designed to support the breasts. It was worn from the 1890s onwards and became particularly popular in Edwardian times.

The first brassieres were manufactured in America in 1914, but versions of the bust-bodice were still being worn in the 1920s.

Click here to see a bust bodice.

Page 57. " A hundred lines of Marmion "
Monument to Sir Walter Scott in Edinburgh
Public DomainMonument to Sir Walter Scott in Edinburgh - Credit: Mlm42, Wikimedia Commons

Punishing schoolchildren by making them copy out poetry or 'lines' (sometimes the same line over and over again) was a common practice in certain schools for a large part of the 20th century.

Marmion is a lengthy poem by Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) about the Battle of Flodden Field (see Bookmark p.6).

Along the bridge Lord Marmion rode,/Proudly his red-roan charger trode,

His helm hung at the saddle bow;/Well by his visage you might know

He was a stalwart knight and keen,/And had in many a battle been.

Full Text

Portrait of Sir Walter Scott (1822)
Public DomainPortrait of Sir Walter Scott (1822) - Credit: Sir Henry Raeburn
Page 58. " Sandy had done with Alan Breck and had taken up with Mr. Rochester "

Mr Rochester is the man whom Jane falls in love with in the novel Jane Eyre.

Page 58. " 'You talk like the Sphinx, sir, but I am not afraid.' "
Oedipus and the Sphinx (1864)
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeOedipus and the Sphinx (1864) - Credit: Gustave Moreau (photo: Ed Uthman, Flickr)

The concept of the sphinx existed in both Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt: the Greek version was a malevolent monster who punished the people of Thebes by setting a riddle and then devouring  those who were unable to solve it; the Egyptian version was a more benevolent guardian of tombs or religious temples.

The Greek Sphinx had the face and breasts of a woman, the haunches of a lion, the wings of an eagle and a serpent-like tail whilst the Egyptian sphinx was generally depicted as a man with a lion's body.

In common parlance, the term 'the Sphinx' often refers to the Great Sphinx of Giza situated on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile.

Sandy seems to have the Greek Sphinx in mind as she holds her imaginary conversation with Mr. Rochester.

The Great Sphinx of Giza
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe Great Sphinx of Giza - Credit: a rancid amoeba, Flickr


Page 59. " At Cramond "

Cramond is a coastal village located in northwest Edinburgh where the River Almond flows into the Firth of Forth.


Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeCramond - Credit: subberculture, Flickr

Google Map


Page 61. " 'How sweet is the shepherd's sweet lot' "
William Blake
Public DomainWilliam Blake - Credit: after John Linnell
Blake's own illustration of
Public DomainBlake's own illustration of "The Shepherd" in 'Songs of Innocence' - Credit: William Blake

This is the opening line of 'The Shepherd' by William Blake (1757-1827), the innovative English poet, painter, printmaker and mystic.

The poem was first published in 1789 in Blake's well-known Songs of Innocence, and then republished in 1794 in the extended volume, Songs of Innocence and Experience. 

How sweet is the Shepherd's sweet lot!/From the morn to the evening he strays,

He shall follow his sheep all the day,/And his tongue shall be filled with praise.

For he hears the lambs' innocent call,/And he hears the ewes' tender reply;

He is watchful while they are in peace/For they know when their Shepherd is nigh.


The words have been set to music on numerous occasions; one such setting is the "Pastoral - The Shepherd" by  William Havergal Brian (1876-1972), published in 1922.

Page 62. " to witness the dancing of Pavlova "
Anna Pavlova in her dressing room (date unknown)
Public DomainAnna Pavlova in her dressing room (date unknown) - Credit: unknown

 Anna Pavlova (1882*-1931) was a highly acclaimed Russian ballerina who danced with the Imperial Russian Ballet and  the Ballet Russes of Serge Diaghilev. In 1912 she settled in London and formed her own touring company.

* many sources say 1881

Anna Pavlova & Vaslav Nijinsky (1909)
Public DomainAnna Pavlova & Vaslav Nijinsky (1909) - Credit: Vili Onikul
Anna Pavlova in 'The Dying Swan' (c.1928)
Public DomainAnna Pavlova in 'The Dying Swan' (c.1928) - Credit: Frans Van Riel (1879-1950)





Page 62. " We shall see Pavlova doing the death of the Swan "

Anna Pavlova is renowned for her numerous performances of a solo ballet called 'The Dying Swan' (the title of a poem by Tennyson) which became her signature piece.

It was choreographed by Mikhail Fokine in 1905 and set to the music of Saint-Saëns' cello solo Le Cygne from Le Carnaval des Animaux.



Page 62. " in a suburb like Corstorphine "

Once a separate village, Corstorphine is now part of the city of Edinburgh, situated about 3 miles west of Princes Street.

It was once the site of the 14th century Corstorphine Castle  which was demolished in 1797.

Edinburgh Zoo is situated just to the east of the area on Corstorphine Hill.


Corstorphine Hill, Edinburgh
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeCorstorphine Hill, Edinburgh - Credit: subberculture, Flickr
Google Map


Page 65. " 'We went to the opera with Miss Brodie last term to see La Traviata,' "
Giuseppe Verdi
Public DomainGiuseppe Verdi - Credit: Giovanni Boldini (1842-1931)

 La Traviata is a three-act opera by Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901), first performed in 1853.


Listen on Spotify to the famous duet, Libiamo ne'lieti calici (Brindisi;Drinking song), the tenor part being sung by Plácido Domingo.

Page 66. " beside the Water of Leith "

The Water of Leith is a river which flows through the city of Edinburgh. It rises in the Pentland Hills and flows for twenty four miles before reaching the Firth of Forth at Leith.


The Water of Leith in Edinburgh
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe Water of Leith in Edinburgh - Credit: Christian Bickel, Flickr

Google Map





Page 67. " for these were in the early days of the women police "
Early American Policewoman (1918)
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeEarly American Policewoman (1918) - Credit: paukrus, Flickr

The introduction of women police officers in England and Wales seems to have been a gradual and patchy process which began in 1914 with the establishment in London of the Women's Police Volunteeers (changed in 1915 to the Women's Police Service).

In a parliamentary session in 1922 Sir Edward Shortt suggested that women police officers could be dispensed with in London on the grounds that their work could be done by policemen's wives. Lady Astor retorted that policemen did not choose their wives on the basis of their suitability for patrolling streets or escorting prisoners!

It has been estimated that by 1936 there were just 175 female police officers in England and Wales.

The situation in Scotland seems less clear, although it is known that the first policewoman in Glasgow was appointed in 1915.

Page 71. " Nunindarum adest dies Mulus ille nos vehet "

Here the teacher is using one of the direct methods for teaching Latin and Greek advocated by the pioneering schoolmaster and classical scholar William Henry Denham (W.H.D.) Rouse(1863-1950).

Rouse was instrumental in the establishment of the Association for the Reform of Latin Teaching (ARLT) in 1913.

One of his techniques was to set Latin verse to well-known children's song tunes. He believed that this promoted pupils' understanding of linguistic rhythms and developed their vocabulary.

For the verse quoted above, Rouse suggested the tune Jiggety Jog to Market.

Rouse also suggested singing the following lines to the tune of 'Oh My Darling Clementine':

Ecce Caesar nunc triumphat qui subegit Gallias

ecce turbam nunc reducit quae refert victoriam.

hunc Strabonem nominamus clarum ocellis paetulis

dexter ad septentriones, laevus austrum prospicit. 

Try it! 

Page 72. " the small town of Crail on the coast of Fife "

Crail is a small fishing port in the East Neuk (Scots for 'nook' or 'corner') of the Kingdom of Fife.

It has numerous places of historical interest and was once well known for its locally caught smoked haddock euphemistically known as 'Crail Capon'.


Crail, Fife
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeCrail, Fife - Credit: Phyllis Buchanan, Flickr
Google Map




Page 72. " on the lofty back of Arthur's Seat "

Arthur's Seat is situated about a mile to the east of Edinburgh Castle. It is the chief peak of a group of hills in Holyrood Park, the royal park in central Edinburgh.


Arthur's Seat, Edinburgh
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeArthur's Seat, Edinburgh - Credit: Matt Riggott, Flickr

Page 73. " I love to hear you singing 'Hey Johnnie Cope' "

'Bonnie Prince Charlie' (1898)
Public Domain'Bonnie Prince Charlie' (1898) - Credit: John Pettie
 'Hey Johnnie Cope' is a Scottish folk song with lyrics by Adam Skirving (1719-1803).

It tells the story of the Battle of Prestonpans which took place during the Second Jacobite Rising in 1745 when an army led by Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) defeated the forces of George II.

'Johnnie Cope' is Sir John Cope, the leader of the British government troops.

Click here for one version of the lyrics.

Listen on Spotify to one version of the song


Page 75. " These are bunsen burners, this is a test-tube, this is a pipette, that's a burette, that is a retort, a crucible "
Bunsen burner
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeBunsen burner - Credit: Timothy Tsui, Flickr
Creative Commons Attributiontest-tubes - Credit: hobvias sudoneighm, Flickr
Pasteur pipettes
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikePasteur pipettes - Credit: Beliason, Wikimedia Commons
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alikeburette - Credit: Vincent, Flickr









Public DomainCrucibles - Credit: PANAMATIK, Wikimedia Commons


'Hands on' in the Marcia Blaine 'science room'?
Public Domain'Hands on' in the Marcia Blaine 'science room'? - Credit: Abdulmirza, Wikimedia Commons