It is also the name given to the Scottish Parliament and the Scottish Parliament building which is situated within the Holyrood area of the city.
Historically, Argyll (Argyle) was the name given to the west coast area of Scotland between the Mull of Kintyre and Cape Wrath. Today it is the name of one of the country's registration counties.
She was romantically involved with Mark Anthony (83BC-30BC), the Roman politician and general, and had three children by him.
Following the defeat of his forces at the Battle of Actium, Mark Anthony committed suicide, as did Cleopatra shortly afterwards.
Anthony and Cleopatra was the title of one of Shakespeare's tragedies written sometime between 1603 and 1607.
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was a British politician and philosopher.
Two of his most influential works were Principles of Political Economy, which was published in 1848, and On Liberty, published in 1859. In relation to the first book, he acknowledged the significant contribution of Harriet Taylor (1807-1858), the advocate of women's rights, whom he married in 1851.
He was known for his intellectual precocity as a child; indeed, some sources note that he learnt Greek at the age of three!
Caesar himself wrote about these in a book entitled Commentarii de Bello Gallico.
Samuel Pepys (1633-1703) was a politician and naval administrator, best remembered for the diary he kept as a young man.
Beginning in 1660, Pepys kept his diary for almost a decade, using a method of shorthand known as Tachygraphy (devised by Thomas Shelton).
The diary was first published in transcribed form in 1825; the original manuscripts may be viewed in the Pepys Building at Magdalene College, Cambridge.
A playful reference to Pythagoras' theorem which has been taught to generations of schoolchildren.
The theorem states that: in a right-angled triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides (the hypotenuse being the side opposite the right-angle).
The diagram on the right may (or may not) help you understand the concept.
These lines are from a song written by Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), known as 'Blue Bonnets over the Border', which appeared in Scott's novel The Monastery: a Romance, published in 1820.
Listen on Spotify to these lyrics sung by the McCalmans;
Listen on Spotify to an instrumental version of 'Blue Bonnets o'er the Border'.
Following his organisation of an armed raid on the Excise Office on Canongate, Brodie was tried, found guilty and hanged at the Tolbooth (a tollhouse, courtroom and jail on Canongate).
As noted by Miss Brodie later on, the hanging was carried out using a gibbet designed by William Brodie himself!
These lines come from a folk song known as 'The Ballad of Barbara Allen'.
It tells of a young man who is dying of his unrequited love for a young woman called Barbara Allen. When called to his deathbed, Barbara Allen is dismissive of him, but following his death she is filled with remorse, and dies herself shortly afterwards.
Listen on Spotify to 'Barbara Allen' sung by Shirley Collins
Edith Norma Shearer (1902-1983) was a Canadian-American screen actress who was extremely popular between the mid-1920s and her retirement in 1942.
Elisabeth Bergner (1897-1986) was a stage and screen actress who was born in Drohobycz in what is now Ukraine.
During her early career, she became well known as a Shakespearean actress on the Continent but was most active during the 1930s when she made several films as well as continuing with her theatre work.
She is believed by some to be the inspiration for the character Margo Channing in Mankiewicz's film All About Eve.
Austrian-born Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) and his National Socialist German Workers Party, known in English as the Nazis, came to power in Germany (initially as part of a coalition government) in 1933 when Hitler was appointed Chancellor.
Measures were then gradually enacted which allowed the suppression of political opposition and the establishment of a dictatorship. The power of Hitler and the Nazi government was further enhanced in August 1934 when Hitler became Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Chancellor).
Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) was a Scottish born writer, essayist and historian.
He was brought up in a strict Calvinist tradition but rejected his faith as a young adult.
Following his marriage in 1826 he settled in London where he became a friend of the philosopher John Stuart Mill. His early writings expressed progressive political views which inspired social reformers such as John Ruskin and William Morris although his work became increasingly right-wing and anti-democratic from the late 1840s onwards.
It was known as the Sturmabteilung or SA (usually translated as stormtroopers) and given the name 'brownshirts' because of the type of uniform worn by its members.
The SA lost most of its power and significance in 1934 when many of its members were assassinated by Hitler (during the operation known as the Night of the Long Knives) as Hitler perceived them to be a threat to his own power.
However, a sub-group of the SA known as the Schutzstaffel (SS) which had been established in 1925 as Hitler's personal protection unit increased in power at this time. Under the leadership of Heinrich Himmler they were to be responsible for perpetrating some of the worst atrocities of the Nazi regime.