"our young tennis-players, and their associates, who were all of the Jacobite order"

The Battle of Culloden, 1746
Public DomainThe Battle of Culloden, 1746 - Credit: David Morier

Jacobitism was a movement which arose as a reaction against the happenings of the Glorious Revolution. Jacobites supported the return of the Stuart dynasty to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland. They asserted that monarchs had a divine right and were answerable to god alone, and that hereditary rights were inalienable. Motives for this were myriad and both political and religious motivations were brought to bear. Many who opposed the Union identified with Jacobitism. The movement was effectively crushed by the Battle of Culloden in 1746.