"two companies of the Cameronian regiment"

Monument dedicated to the Rev'd Richard Cameron and 8 fellow Covenanters who were killed and buried at this spot in July 1680
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeMonument dedicated to the Rev'd Richard Cameron and 8 fellow Covenanters who were killed and buried at this spot in July 1680 - Credit: Walter Baxter
The Cameronians were an extreme faction of the Covenanters who were led by, and later followed the teachings of Richard Cameron (1648-1680). They were strongly opposed to any control of the church by the state in general, and to the establishment of the Episcopalian Church in Scotland in particular. In 1680, many signed the Sanquhar Declaration which called for war against Charles II and attacked Covenanters who had accepted the royal indulgence he offered. The reaction to this led to the persecution and martyrdom of thousands of Presbyterians for holding Cameronian views. By 1746, however, the movement had gathered in strength and numbers sufficient to form a presbytery, known as the Reformed Presbyterian Church. This continues amongst the seven Presbyterian denominations active in Scotland today.