"this young man was second son to a John, Duke of Melfort"

John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort, 1681-8
Public DomainJohn Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort, 1681-8 - Credit: Isaac Beckett

Thomas Drummond is the offspring of the 1st Duke of Melfort, John Drummond. This Scottish peer was a supporter of James II and had fled to France with the fallen monarch in the wake of the Glorious Revolution (see note for p. 51). James made him Baron Cleworth in the Jacobite peerage of England in 1689. Six years later, the Scottish authorities stripped him of this title and formally destroyed his coat of arms at the Edinburgh market cross. Controversy continued to pursue the Duke and his name was a regular feature of the session of 1703 (see note to p. 45). Thomas Drummond was the second son of his second marriage; he went on to become an officer under Charles VI.