"The young men wooed their sweethearts out o’ the Song o' Solomon"

The Song of Solomon, which appears in the Old Testament, is an exchange between a man and a woman charting their progression from courtship to the consummation of their love. Lines providing an inventory of the beloved’s praiseworthy features - “thy temples are like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks” (4:3) - have much in common with later courtly poetry of the variety mocked by Shakespeare in Sonnet 130.