In 1920, American Express was mainly in the business of mail delivery, money orders, and traveler's cheques.
The Latin Quarter is situated in the 5th and 6th arrondissements of Paris. It is rife with educational institutions (notably La Sorbonne) and student life, and known for its many bistros.
The Messageries Maritimes was established in the 1800s, after shipping lines were opened to complement mail coach and railway services. The ships functioned to transport troops in the Crimean War, as a postal service, and in commercial exchanges. The company was an essential support to colonial expansion. During World War I the ships were used as hospitals as well as to transport troops.
Café du Dome, a photograph by André Kertész taken in 1925, is in the collection of the Art Institute of Chicago.
Extending from the Théâtre de l'Odéon, rue de l'Odéon is home to a number of bookstores. Sylvia Beach's Shakespeare and Company would move to this address just a few months later (in May 1921).
Cherbourg, in Normandy, is a port on the English Channel.
The Parisian fashion house was founded by Coco Chanel in 1909. Chanel represented simple, modern elegance.
House of Worth was established in Paris in 1857 and soon became a highly influential and respected couturier.
French: "What manners".
Elliott means a ground-floor apartment.
White wine from the subregion of Montrachet in Burgundy (as on page 37).
It seems Elliott likes his Montrachet.
French: "Come now, my dear".
In France usually an espresso base with steamed milk; often served in a bowl.
Larry lives in the Latin Quarter. Bear in mind that Paris is eminently walkable.
The Odyssey is an ancient Greek epic poem attributed to Homer.
Baruch de Spinoza (1632–1677), Dutch Jewish philosopher of the school of rationalism.
According to Spinoza, the universe is deterministic. Nothing happens by chance. He held good and evil to be relative concepts.
For Spinoza, reality is perfection. If circumstances are seen as unfortunate it is only because of our inadequate conception of reality. Sense perception is inadequate for discovering universal truth; he concluded that emotion is formed from inadequate understanding.
His explanation of how emotions must be detached from external cause in order to master them gives some prediction of psychological techniques developed in the 1900s. The more we are conscious of ourselves and Nature/Universe, the more perfect and blessed we are (in reality). His views provided a bridge between religious mysticism of the past and psychology of the present day.
Larry is working backwards from William James's Principles of Psychology.
From 1343 until his death, Ruysbroeck lived in a hermitage in a forest. There are traces of pantheism in his work.
Ruysbroeck insisted that the soul finds God in its own depths, and noted three stages of progress in what he called the spiritual ladder of Christian attainment: the active life, the inward life, and the contemplative life.did not teach the fusion of the self in God, but held that at the summit of the ascent the soul still preserves its identity.
French: "table wine".