Ernest Hemingway was an American writer. His impressive body of work was often inspired by the many countries he lived in or travelled to, which included France, Spain, Cuba, Italy and Eastern and Central Africa. He served as an ambulance driver on the Italian front during WW1 and reported from battlefields during the Spanish Civil War. He lived in Paris during the early 1920s, where he befriended members of the ‘lost generation’ such as T.S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, F. Scott Fitzgerald and John Steinbeck. He was also present during the liberation of Paris in 1944 and the D-Day landings. His macho image, built via his enjoyment of hunting, fishing and drinking, has sometimes overshadowed his gifts as a writer, and belied a profound sensitivity which appears in his work. Hemingway battled with depression throughout his life and committed suicide in 1961, aged 62.
Here is a website dedicated to Hemingway's work.
Below is an excellent fan-made documentary which gives a great overview of 'Papa's' extraordinary life.