is a Jewish writer and peace activist. He was born in Romania in 1930 and now holds US citizenship. His family were initially imprisoned in a ghetto in Sighet
during the war, and then in 1944 they were transported to Auschwitz, where his mother and one sister were killed. He and his father were eventually moved to Buchenwald
, where his father died. Two sisters did survive. Wiesel became a journalist after the war but did not begin to write of his Holocaust experiences for some years. His first book, ‘Night
’, was published in the US in 1960, and is now a set text in many schools, as well as selling millions of copies in thirty languages. Wiesel has written something in the region of sixty books altogether. He has also received the Nobel Peace Prize and an honorary British knighthood in recognition of his activism.