German Banknotes demonstrating Hyperinflation - Credit: Hogne
The Weimar Republic describes the constitution and administration of Germany during the years 1919-1933, from the end of WW1 to the year Adolf Hitler became Chancellor. The Treaty of Versailles meant the country faced limited resources and economic hardship due to the war reparations it was obliged to pay. In the early years of the 1920s hyperinflation became extreme, but the introduction of a new currency in 1923 helped to stabilise this. The years 1923-1929 are well known for being amongst the most exciting in German cultural history. There was a vibrant cabaret scene, the Bauhaus school of
design emerged, and Expressionist films such as Fritz Lang’s ‘Metropolis’ were made. Modern art and fashion were valued and a very liberal, bohemian attitude was common amongst the young. By the early 1930s, however, political instability was beginning to grow, along with the extreme right wing influence of the rising Nazi Party.