"the Biedermeier furniture"

The Biedermeier era in Germany lasted from 1815 to 1843.  The name is most commonly used now to describe the creative culture of the time, in terms of the rising middle class and the styles they adopted.  Biedermeier furniture was originally designed around the idea of clean lines and utilitarianism, using easily obtained woods such as oak, cherry and ash.  It also had something of a neo-classical influence.  Later in the period, however, the styles became more ornate as people sought to display their growing affluence.  

The era was later to influence the Art Deco and Bauhaus styles of design.