Auschwitz Gates, trans. 'Work Will Set You Free' - Credit: Saforrest
The word ‘Auschwitz’ is chillingly synonymous with the cruelty inflicted during the Holocaust. The largest complex of concentration and death camps, it consisted of three large main sites, and 45 satellite camps. Located in Poland, trains began arriving in the spring of 1942 with the specific purpose of bringing Jews to the gas chambers, the ‘final solution’ having been decided at the Wannsee Conference the year before. Auschwitz was also known for the medical experiments inflicted upon the prisoners, many of them by the infamous Josef Mengele. A conservative estimate puts the total Auschwitz death toll at around 1,100,000 people.