"had not survived the bombing raid"

The strategic bombing raids on German cities towards the end of the war resulted in significant destruction, and contributed greatly to bringing the conflict to a close.  Like the Blitz, the raids were intended to destroy the morale of the civilian population.  In Britain, this was resisted, but the German people did not have the same level of preparation or protection.  Well known bombing campaigns were those of Dresden, Hamburg and Berlin.  The International Military Tribunal decided that German personnel would face no reprisals for their bombing of Allied cities (such as London), partly because it would highlight the attacks they had received in turn.