"ancient capital of the Punjab"



Topographic map of the Punjab
GNU Free Documentation LicenseTopographic map of the Punjab - Credit: Apuldram

The Punjab is an area of land covering parts of Pakistan and India, including the Pakistani Punjab province, and the Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Chandigarh and Himachal Pradesh. The name is Persian and means ‘Land of Five Waters’ – the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej all flow through the region. Lahore was the capital of Punjab before it was partitioned, and remains the capital of Pakistani Punjab, while Chandigarh, not far away on the Indian side of the border, is the capital of Indian Punjab.