An Irish dramatist and socialist commentator, George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925. He founded the Fabian Society with Sidney and Beatrice Webb, its aim to educate Britain to accept socialism; the emergence of the British Labour Party was a direct result of the activities of the Society, as was the founding of the London School of Economics.
He was an outspoken critic of the First World War (1914-1918) and wrote extensively against it, earning himself widespread condemnation. He went back to playwriting after the war and travelled the world speaking on socialist issues.
"Liberty means responsibility. That is why most men dread it." (Maxims for Revolutionists, 1903)