Page 101. " see the sun set in the hand of the man "

This is a line from Kate Bush's 1982 song "The Dreaming."


Page 104. " Mister Sandman, bring me a dream "

Constantine is singing the Chordettes' song from page 83.

Page 104. " Ever since Newcastle I've been having these nightmares "

Constantine refers to his first case, when an exorcism went badly wrong.

Page 107. " I must talk to the Morningstar "
Illustration from Paradise Lost
Public DomainIllustration from Paradise Lost - Credit: Gustave Dore

"Morningstar" is an English translation of the Latin word "Lucifer" (also translated "lightbringer"), which can refer to either the Morning Star (a misnomer for the planet Venus) or to the Biblical Satan, from an interpretation of Isaiah 14: 3-20. Dream is referring to Satan, whose full name appears to be "Lucifer Morningstar" in this issue.

Read Isaiah 14 at

Page 111. " And who notes more than me...? ...than Etrigan? "

Etrigan is a common supporting character in the DC Universe, with occasional mini-series of his own. He is a demon who shares a body with a human magician, Jason Blood. Higher-ranking demons in the DCU speak in rhyme, and Etrigan's dialogue is usually written this way.

Page 112. " The Wood of Suicides has changed since my last visit "
The Wood of the Self-Murderers
Public DomainThe Wood of the Self-Murderers - Credit: William Blake

The Wood of Suicides originates in Dante's Divine Comedy, where, since they destroyed their human bodies, the suicides are denied human form in hell.

Notice Dream brushing past a tree and snapping a twig before it begins to speak; Dante's suicides are only able to speak when they are bleeding or being destroyed.

Read The Divine Comedy at Project Gutenberg.

Page 113. " Kai'ckul! Dreamlord! "

Kai'ckul is another of Dream's names, with no clear translation. The prisoner, Nada, is an old lover of Dream's who will become important in later volumes of the story.

Page 114. " journey to Dis, the hellcity "
The Angel at the Gate of Dis
Public DomainThe Angel at the Gate of Dis - Credit: William Blake

Dis is the name of of a city in hell in both Virgil's Aeneid and Dante's Divine Comedy. Dis, or Dis Pater, can also be used as a name for Hades/Pluto.

Read the Aeneid at Project Gutenberg.

Read the Divine Comedy at Project Gutenberg.

Page 116. " co-monarch, Beelzebub. The Lord of the Flies "

Public DomainBeelzebub - Credit: Collin de Plancy
Beelzebub, translated as "Lord of the Flies," is an ancient Philistine deity interchangeable with the god Ba'al. He is one of the seven princes of Hell, and "Beelzebub" is sometimes used as another name for Satan himself.

Find more information about Beelzebub at the Catholic Encyclopedia and Jewish Encyclopedia.

Page 116. " Azazel will join us shortly "
Public DomainAzazel - Credit: Collin de Plancy
Azazel is a demon from Hebrew scriptures, a personification of impurity and later called a leader of the angelic rebellion in Heaven.

Find more information about Azazel at the Jewish Encyclopedia.

Page 121. " Choronzon. A duke of hell. "

Choronzon is a demon whose name first appeared in the 16th century, in writings of the occultists John Dee and Edward Kelley. The name came to prominence when Aleister Crowley claimed to have summoned (and overcome) the demon.

Page 122. " thrill-packed evening of funfunfun here at the Hellfire Club "

The Hellfire Club was the name of several exclusive clubs in England and Ireland, rumored to be meeting places for members of high society who wished to engage in immoral acts.