"the classic refinement of Hillard’s culture"

George Stillman Hillard (1808-79) was a Boston-based lawyer and author. He was a founding member of literary group the Five of Clubs and, along with Brook Farm's creator George Ripley, edited the Christian Register. He rented rooms out to Hawthorne in 1837 while the author was employed at the Boston custom house and the two remain solid friends thereafter. When Hawthorne’s position at the Salem custom house was in jeopardy, Hillard, despite being on the opposite side of the political fence, threw all his effort into trying to ensure he was retained. When this failed, he set out on a fund-raising mission to ensure the indigent author and his family were financially supported.