"the article entitled “MAIN-STREET,” included in the present volume"

'Main-Street,’ a short story which weaves in many of the details of Salem’s colorful history recounted in the ‘The Custom-House,’ had been published in 1849 in Aesthetic Papers, a compilation of high-minded works edited by Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (Hawthorne’s impressive sister-in-law). It was originally intended for inclusion in this volume before James T. Fields, the prospective publisher, recommended the work should stand in its current form.