"both in the Scripture and the statute-book"
Mars and Venus Surprised by the Gods (c.1606-10)
Public DomainMars and Venus Surprised by the Gods (c.1606-10) - Credit: Joachim Anthonisz Wtewael

Leviticus 20:10 declares, “And the man that committeth adultery with another man's wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbor's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.” Body of Liberties, the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s statute book of 1641, affirmed this in near-identical language. Adultery was one of 12 crimes punishable by death, the others being worshipping other gods, witchcraft, blasphemy, murder, manslaughter, poisoning, bestiality, sodomy, kidnapping into slavery, bearing false witness in capital cases and insurrection. All these were supported by relevant biblical passages. 

 

Le supplice des adultères (1875)
Public DomainLe supplice des adultères (1875) - Credit: Jules Arsène Garnier