"a union that, unrecognized on earth, would bring them together before the bar of final judgment"
In Christian belief, the Final Judgment
is the divine appraisal due to occur at the End of Days
after the Resurrection of the Dead
, in which the bodies and souls of the dead reunite and come before God to be judged. According to his assessment of their righteousness, or lack of, they will be consigned to an eternal existence in either heaven or hell. That Hester sees the Final Judgment as a court of law indicates the extent to which earthly and eternal life were allied in the Puritan imagination.