"I have no Heavenly Father!"
God Inviting Christ to Sit on the Throne at His Right Hand (1645)
Public DomainGod Inviting Christ to Sit on the Throne at His Right Hand (1645) - Credit: Pieter de Grebber

Puritans, who believed God shunned those born out of wedlock, had only to turn to Deuteronomy 23:2 for verification: “A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the Lord.” This shameful stigma was recorded at the infant's baptism, where filius populi (child of the people) was entered in the records, and was even sometimes reflected in the name the child was accorded. Repent, Lament and Flie-Fornication were standard monikers for illegitimate children, serving both as a life-long badge of their status and as a reminder to others of their Christian duties. In contrast to the Catholic stance, Puritans did not believe this condition could be ameliorated by the parents subsequently marrying.