"starting from the nether earth"
The Damned being cast into Hell (c.1605-10)
Public DomainThe Damned being cast into Hell (c.1605-10) - Credit: Frans Francken

This is, of course, a reference to Chillingworth’s possibly hellish origins. The Bible gives hell a subterranean location in many of its passages, for instance Psalm 69:3 (“But those that seek my soul, to destroy it, shall go into the lower parts of the earth”) and Isaiah 14:9 (“Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming”).

 

The reaper surveying the pit of hell
Public DomainThe reaper surveying the pit of hell - Credit: Stevan Aleksić