"what is known as miraculous interposition"
Triumph of Divine Providence fresco (1633-9)
Public DomainTriumph of Divine Providence fresco (1633-9) - Credit: Pietro da Cortona

Miraculous interposition, or divine providence, refers to an active intervention by God which allows him to realize his own intentions for humanity. The “individuals of wiser faith” to whom Hawthorne refers are the Deists, who held that God, having created the world, then allowed nature to run its course independent of his own design. Theism, on the other hand, supports the idea of an interventionalist God. 

 

Dream of Solomon (c.1693)
Public DomainDream of Solomon (c.1693) - Credit: Luca Giordano