"their earthly stock of hatred and antipathy transmuted into golden love"
The stained glass window
Public DomainThe stained glass window "Education" shows science and religion in harmony - Credit: Louis Comfort Tiffany

The idea of a substance being transmuted into gold draws upon Chillingworth’s quest for the philosopher’s stone, while the notion that this takes place in the spiritual world evokes the heavenly transformations in which Dimmesdale believes. This image, therefore, reconciles the opposing forces of the former’s scientific ideology and the latter’s Christian creed.

An alchemist showing the base metal he has transmuted into gold
Public DomainAn alchemist showing the base metal he has transmuted into gold - Credit: Jan Matejko