"an extreme patriot or an ardent pacifist"

Although most Britons were supportive of the WWII war effort, a large number of people were outspoken pacifists. Many were Christian. Nearly 60,000 men and 1,000 women applied for an exemption from military service. A tribunal decided their fate: 3,000 were given unconditional exemption; 18,000 applications were dismissed; and the rest were tasked with civilian work or registered as non-combatants.