"Tojo, at the height of the war, forcing his top aides to sit up and play cards with him all night long"

 Richard is referring to Hideki Tōjō (1884-1948), the Japanese Army General who served during the Second World War. Tōjō was Prime Minister of Japan from 1941 to 1944, during which time he also held other high level posts such as that of Home Minister, Education Minister, Foreign Minister and Commerce Minister. His nationalistic policies were popular until the summer of 1942, when the war began to go badly for Japan; he was forced to resign in 1944. After the defeat of Japan, Tōjō was arrested by the American army; he attempted suicide, but failed, and was executed on charges of war crimes on 23rd December 1948.