Ancient Greek (or Attic) vases form a large part of modern understanding of Greek culture, as more pottery has survived from the ancient world than painting or writing. Attic pottery went through several different styles, including black-figure, red-figure and white-ground technique, each associated with a different period in Greek history.
Meissen porcelain was first developed in the eighteenth century in Meissen, Germany, by Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus and developed by Johann Friedrich Böttger. It was the first type of porcelain to be manufactured in Europe; before that, porcelain had been sourced from China, and was therefore rare. The Meissen style of porcelain dominated for the whole of the eighteenth century.
Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1836-1912) was a Dutch-born British artist famous for his paintings of scenes from Greek and Roman history. He would research his subjects in enormous archaeological detail to provide accurate portrayals of Classical life. His reputation is currently undergoing a revival.
William Powell Frith (1819-1909) was another British artist, a contemporary of Alma-Tadema's. He specialised in portraits and 'social scenes' including large panoramas. His subjects included Oscar Wilde (behind the green-coated boy in this painting) and Anthony Trollope.